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Weather News Philippines | How Climate Change Has Affected Philippine Weather

In weather news Philippines, recent studies have shown how the Philippines is experiencing the effects of climate change. As we all know, climate change increases the global temperature resulting in drastic changes in rainfall patterns, rising sea levels, severe floods, and droughts.

According to the latest data, global temperatures will likely rise between 2 and 4 °C within the next century—depending on future greenhouse gas emissions. As a result, it is predicted that not only will the average annual or seasonal rainfall change, but there will also be an increase in extreme events resulting in more frequent and severe floods and droughts.

Climate Change Effect on the Philippine Weather

Recent assessments have indicated that the Earth will continue to be warm unless drastic global mitigation action is implemented soon. With the collected data by experts, here are the current effects of climate change on the Philippine weather.

Increase in temperature  

All areas in the Philippines will get warmer, especially in the summer. As a result, all regions in the Philippines are anticipated to increase by 0.9 C to 1.1 C in 2020 and 1.8 C to 2.2 C in 2050. It is also expected that seasonal mean temperature increases will be consistent in all parts of the country. Additionally, The most significant temperature increase is projected during the summer, when hot temperatures are foreseen to be more frequent in the future.

Intense tropical storms that pass through our country will increase.

Aside from the expected increase in temperature in the Philippines, the number of Intense tropical storms will increase. These strong typhoons have maximum sustained winds of 150kph and above. Generally, rainfall reduction will be experienced in most parts of the country during the summer season. In contrast, rainfall increase is likely during the southwest monsoon season in most areas of Luzon and Visayas.

The increasing number of hot days and decreasing number of cool nights.

The data from PAGASA (Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration) shows a noticeable increase in hot days and a decreasing number of cool nights in the country.

More Frequent Heavy daily rainfall

PAGASA also projected that there would be an extreme precipitation increase in Luzon and Visayas only. Moreover, dry days are expected to be higher in most parts of the country by 2020 to 2050.

Impacts of Climate Change in the Philippines

If these weather disturbances continue in the Philippines, the experts have projected the following impact on our country.

A Lose of Six Percent of the Philippine annual GDP by 2100 

The latest assessment report from IPCC states that climate change will heighten the poverty line by 2100 here in the Philippines. IPCC added that this would breed more disasters and put those below the poverty line at more risk.

Aside from this, it is also foreseen that by 2100, the country will lose about six percent of its GDP annually if climate change is disregarded. However, if the Philippines invests in adapting to climate change, it can lessen the loss by up to four percent. This investment can be a short-term investment with a long-term gain.

Risk to Philippine Natural Ecosystems

Approximately 1 million hectares of grasslands in the Philippines will be highly vulnerable to climate change. Most grasslands in the uplands are prone to fires, particularly during periods of dryness and lack of rainfall during summer. Furthermore, it is also projected that the following natural resources will be affected by climate change.

  • Coral Loss
  • Declining rice yields
  • More intense droughts
  • Higher sea level rise
  • Water scarcity

The actions that the Philippines take to counteract Climate Change 

Many assisted climate change adaptation programs and projects are being implemented in the Philippines. Among these is the Millennium Development Goals Fund in 1656: Strengthening the Philippines Institutional Capacity to Adapt to Climate Change. This climate change project aims to create resiliency and test adaptation strategies—a resiliency that enables farms and natural resource management against the effects of climate change. 

Recent scientific assessments have indicated that the Earth will continue to warm unless drastic global mitigation action is implemented. Therefore, countries that share the responsibility of having caused this global problem should be committed to mitigating or reducing anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. 

In April this year, the government finally submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat the Philippines’ first nationally determined contribution (NDC), which covers the planned reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the country.

Get the Latest Weather News on DOSTV Channel 

DOSTv is DOST’s official online TV channel and is a complete science channel for every Filipino home. DOSTv gives the latest news about science and technology development in our country. So always stay tuned to DOSTv to get the latest weather news in the Philippines.

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